An implantable collamer lens (ICL) is an artificial lens which is permanently implanted in the eye. The lens is used to treat:
Implanting an ICL requires surgery. A surgeon places the lens between the eye’s natural lens and colored iris. The lens works the eye’s existing lens to bend (refract) light on the retina, which produces clearer vision.
The ICL is made of plastic and a collagen called collamer. It’s a type of phakic introcular lens. “Phakic” refers to how the lens is placed in the eye without taking out the natural lens.
Though ICL surgery isn’t necessary to correct vision problems, it can eliminate or reduce the need for glasses or contact lenses.
It’s also a possible alternative for people who can’t get laser eye surgery. But like most procedures, ICL surgery isn’t for everyone.
You’ll visit your ophthalmologist one week before the surgery. He’ll use a laser to make tiny holes between the front of your eye (anterior chamber) and natural lens. This will prevent pressure and fluid buildup in the eye after the procedure.
You might also be given antibiotics or anti-inflammatory eye drops several days before surgery.
The procedure is done by an eye surgeon. Generally, here’s what happens:
The procedure takes 20 to 30 minutes. After, you’ll be taken to a recovery room where you’ll be closely monitored for a few hours.
Your doctor might prescribe eye drops or oral medication for the pain. You can go home the same day, but you’ll need to have a ride.
You’ll have a follow-up appointment the next day. Your surgeon will examine the eye and check on your progress.
Within the next year, you’ll have follow-up visits 1 month and 6 months after surgery. Your doctor will also have you return for regular checkups once a year.
In addition to improved vision, there are numerous benefits of an ICL:
Though ICL surgery has been shown to be safe, it may cause complications such as:
ICL surgery isn’t safe for everyone. When considering the procedure, talk to a doctor to determine if it’s right for you.
The surgery may not be a good choice if you:
Before the surgery, you’ll also need to take other precautions. For example, you’ll have to stop wearing contact lenses in the weeks leading up to the procedure.
Your doctor can explain the best safety measures for your situation.
LASIK is another type of eye surgery. Like ICL surgery, it’s also used to treat nearsightedness, farsightedness, and astigmatism. But instead of implantation of a permanent lens, it uses a laser to correct vision problems.
LASIK stands for laser-assisted in situ keratomileusis.
A surgeon uses a cutting laser to slice a flap in the front of the eye. Next, they use a programmed laser to remove a thin piece of tissue from the cornea. This allows light to refract on the retina, which improves vision.
When the surgery is done, the flap is returned to its normal position. It typically doesn’t need stitches to heal.
Since LASIK removes tissue from the cornea, you might not be a good candidate if you have a thin or irregular cornea. In this case, ICL surgery might be a better choice.
ICL surgery can permanently reduce your dependence on glasses or contact lenses.
Usually, the surgery takes about 30 minutes and recovery is quick. The procedure is also considered to be safe, but it may cause side effects like cataracts or vision loss.
Your doctor can help you decide if ICL surgery is safe for you. They’ll consider factors like your age, eye health, and medical history.
The ICL Surgery Cost in Pakistan varies from 250,000 to 350,000 PKR per eye.
Brig(R). Dr. Muhammad Amer Yaqub is the best eye surgeon to perform ICL Surgery. He has more than 32 years of experience. He is also performing PRK, Femto Lasik, Cataract & Oculoplastic Surgeries. Currently he is practicing in The Eye Consultants eye hospital Rawalpindi.